News & Insights // The Changing Face of Conveyancing


"HSBC radical separate representation move splits market"; "Competition and choice under threat"; "Solicitors slam HSBC conveyancer panel".These are only a few of the headlines that have been written concerning the decision by HSBC to reduce the number of solicitors who are to be retained on their conveyancing panel. 

It has been mooted by some that perhaps the decision by HSBC to restrict their panel is a way for the bank to obtain greater control over fraud and negligence relating to the monies they provide. It is of course understandable in today 's current conveyancing climate that banks and other lending institutions wish to have greater security, but are there ways 'to give comfort to lenders without the need to restrict the number of firms who appear on their panels? 

Perhaps the simplest way for a firm of solicitors to show they are capable of looking after the interests of lenders for whom they wish to work is to ensure the conveyancing process they use is efficient, professional and, most importantly, thorough. Most firms that deal with conveyancing (both residential and commercial) will have structures in place to deal with what is usually a fairly standard process for the purchasing, selling and re-mortgaging of property. However, is a good process structure by itself sufficient to give the necessary comfort to lenders? 

As all conveyancers will be aware, the current property climate has increased the challenges they face, which in turn has increased the pressures (in terms of time, monies which can be charged for fees and competition) upon them. Unfortunately, therefore, even the best conveyancer using the best conveyancing processes cannot always resolve every title issue that arises during the course of a conveyancing transaction. Adverse entries on title and the timing of the transaction can thwart diligent conveyancers in providing a clean title to their client or providing sufficient peace of mind (and thereby security) for the bank. 

How can these issues be resolved? One option is for title insurance to cover the points that are not able to be solved from a legal position (e.g. the inability to locate the necessary entities in order to resolve any given issue), or are unable to be solved within a time frame which is acceptable to all parties concerned with the transaction. 

Using title insurance as a way to resolve what appears to be title issues without solution, or to provide assistance to allow a transaction to complete in the necessary time frame, is nothing new. Insurance can cover the majority of adverse title issues which arise and which are noted on the title to any given property. However, can insurance be part of the conveyancing process to provide comfort to lenders, if the issues are not identified at the outset? The bank's security may not be as strong as they perhaps would have expected. 

This brings us back to firms being sufficiently thorough in their conveyancing process to provide the necessary comfort to lenders. As mentioned above, with all the challenges and pressures that conveyancers already face in today's current climate, to change their process and the way they deal with conveyancing transactions could be a monumentally difficult (and potentially costly) thing to do. 

However, maybe the solution lies in a marriage between redefining processes and the use of title insurance. Giving lenders comfort that the opportunity for error and/or fraud has been dramatically reduced by helping the conveyancer assess and insure more efficiently could not only provide time and cost savings for conveyancers, but also the requisite re-assurance to continue access to panels moving forwards. 

It could be imagined that it would be safe to assume that the majority of firms dealing with conveyancing transactions, and lenders alike, would benefit from a system which is able to provide the above. It would not only neatly deal with all of the requirements which firms expect of their conveyancers (i.e. to identify and consider issues which are noted on the registered title), but also the requirements of the bank, which state any issues which could affect their security have been identified and considered and suitably dealt with. 

However, would it ever be possible to have a system which is both beneficial to firms and lenders alike or is that only a pipe dream? Who knows what the future may hold, but what is clear in today's climate is that changes are coming and the ability to adapt and embrace these changes, may for some, be the key to survival. 

Adam Harmer
Lead Underwriter and Solicitor
CLS Ltd
Adam@clsl.co.uk

Please contact Adam Harmer, Senior Underwriter and Solicitor at CLS, for further information on any title-related matter on Adam@clsl.co.uk or call 01732 897 530.

All insurance policies issued by CLS are underwritten by Great Lakes Reinsurance (UK) PLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Munich Re. Munich Re has been awarded robust ratings by the leading rating organisations. Please see http://www.munichre.com/en/ir/ratings/ratings_01.aspx for current ratings.

February 2012